Project Loon balloons float in the stratosphere, twice as high
as airplanes and the weather. In the stratosphere, there are many layers
of wind, and each layer of wind varies in direction and speed. Google has
already tested this technology in New Zealand, California (the US) and
Google approached Government of India to set up the Loon project and drone-based internet transmission. Government has approved testing of Loon project only as of now. A committee under chairmanship of Secretary, DeitY, has been formed to work on the proposed project.
Google may initially partner with state run telecom operator, BSNL for testing this technology by using wireless broadband spectrum in 2.6GHz band. The source said that Google may operate as technology service provider and not as internet service provider. As per Google, each balloon can provide connectivity to a ground area about 40 km in diameter using a wireless communications technology called LTE or 4G. Google uses solar panel and wind to power electronic equipment in the balloon throughout the day.
As per the information from reliable sources, BSNL has already given instructions to all telecom circles to free one of its central frequencies (2652.5MHz) which is currently used for WiMax Services within one month. Currently, BSNL uses 2637.5, 2642.5, 2647.5, 2652.5 MHz as central frequencies for WiMax towers.
Read More: Digital India Project: BSNL to set up Free WiFi Zones in 100 Rural Villages in associtation with Facebook
Loon balloons go where they’re needed by rising or descending into a layer of wind blowing in the desired direction of travel. Google Balloons may be used to transmit 4G signals directly to mobile handsets without mobile towers.
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